Medium to large size. Arching from the base of the back of the skull to the end of the beak, presenting a compacted round head. Showing minimal flatness. The frontal must be broad and round, carrying right down to its junction with the wattle as much of the width between the eyes as possible.
Beak and beak settings: 20%
Short to medium length, stout and strong with substance and blunt at the tip. The under mandible is equal in strength to the upper and fitting tightly. The beak should be slightly down faced; showing no gaps as it meets the frontal.
Wattle and Eyelid: 5%
Small to medium size with slight coarseness increasing by age, blending the beak to the frontal smoothly. The thickness of the wattle is reflected on the eyelids.
Eye color: 10%
Large, wide and alert eyes. Ruby red or ruby red and deep orange lining, but never solid orange.
Stout and short in length blending with a long concave back and a broad chest.
Flights and tail: 10%
Folding and resting above the tail. Wing tips must be shorter than the tail and close to each other and overlapping.
Bullish look with strong skeleton and muscular body. The back is broad and steep (concave), showing no humps. Their average length is not less than 12 inches (30.5) from front of breast to tip of tail.
Stance and legs: 10%
Horizontal station. The shank (lower portion of legs) is short and forms an obtuse angle as it meets with the hock (the joint between the drumstick and shank), thus showing the alertness of the bird. Legs strong with short to medium length free from feathers below the hock. Toes are large and well spread apart with bright red colors.
Black with withe flights. The preferred number of the white flights is seven on each wing and it is used as a criterion to prefer a bird over another in judging. Their black version should show a black beetle sheen luster
Loose feathers, which might be evidenced by permanent droopy wings and fluffed feathers. Mousy beaks. Steep dip or gap between the frontal and the beak. Non-conforming colors and splash of white feathers scattered among the black feathers. Long legs or too high of a station.
any obvious cross breeding as indicated by unusual head shape, presence of crest or frill and or dull black color.
Translated from the book of standards 1996. ISBN 977-19-0924. Prepared for publication by Mohamed Gab Allah
Drawing by Dr Mohamed Khater
Other books used; the pigeon, by Levi
The international pigeon standards. 15th edition