top of page


Translated by Adel Salem

Head: 15%

Medium to large powerful head with broad and strong mandibles. It is the largest among all ES groups.

Beak and beak settings: 15% 

Medium to long and powerful beaks. A heavy cushion of feathers at the beak-frontal junction is responsible for a bulging in that area is noted.  The broad frontal blends smoothly with the beak leaving no gaps.

Wattle: 5% 

should be small, smooth, and free from any coarsens.

Eyes: 10%  

Wide, occupying more than half of the head. The Iris color (where the color is contained) is dark hazel with olive pigmentation. The eyelids are smooth and white in color.

Neck: 5% 

Stout as the bird viewed side ways with medium length because of the dense feathers in the back of the head. It has a characteristic S shape as the bird profiled laterally. 

Flights and tail: 10% 

Wing tips must be shorter than the tail and close to each other. Flights in many of these birds display themselves just below the tail but not permanently. The optimal number of flights is 10 white primaries. The tail coverts are also white and long enhancing the length of the back.

Appearance: 20% 

The average length is about 12 inches from front of breast to tip of tail. Long and sloped body. The back is broad and steep (concave), showing no humps. This molding characterize many Egyptian Swifts.

Stance: 10% 

Bold with an upright but low station. The birds tend to set on their hinds (squat) as they become approached in their cage.

Colors: 10% 

Black birds except for the primaries and the tail. Some are black beetle sheen, others are dull black. The last color in this group is noted in the Mesawed Falahy, which is marked with small white markings on the frontal, neck and abdomen. 

Undesirable traits: 
Loose feathers, which might be evidenced by droopy wings and fluffed feathers. Thick and coarse wattle and eye cere regardless to the age. Dip or gap between the frontal and the beak.

any obvious cross breeding as indicated by unusual head shape and beak setting or odd colors.

Translated from the book of standards 1996. ISBN 977-19-0924. Prepared for publication by Mohamed Gab Allah 
Drawing by Dr Mohamed Khater 
Other books used; the pigeon, by Levi 
The international pigeon standards. 15th edition

bottom of page